Mustard plant is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae.
Mustard seed is used as a spice. Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar, or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard. The seeds can also be pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard blues.
Brassicaceae or Cruciferae is a medium – sized and economically important family of flowering plants commonly known as the mustards, the crucifers, or the cabbage family. Most are herbaceous plants, some shrubs, with simple, although sometimes deeply incised, alternatingly set leaves without stipules or in leaf rosettes, with terminal inflorescences without bracts, containing flowers with four free sepals, four free alternating petals, two short and four longer free stamens, and a fruit with seeds in rows, divided by a thin wall (or septum).
Distribution: North and South America,Australia
Pollination: Bee pollinated
Flower & Leaves: Brassicaceae consists only of herbaceous plants with annual, biennial, or perennial lifespans. The leaves are alternate (rarely opposite), sometimes organised in basal rosettes. They are very often pinnately incised and do not have stipules.
The structure of the flowers is extremely uniform throughout the family. They have four free saccate sepals and four clawed free petals, staggered. They can be disymmetric or slightly zygomorphic, with a typical cross-like arrangement. They have six stamens, four of which are longer (as long as the petals, so relatively short in fact) and are arranged in a cross like the petals and the other two are shorter (tetradynamous flower). The pistil is made up of two fused carpels and the style is very short, with two lobes. Superior ovary. The flowers form ebracteate racemose inflorescences (floral clustera comprising blossoms attached along a central axis and without underlying bracts), often apically corymb-like (forming a flattish cluster at the top). Pollination occurs by entomogamy; Nectar is produced at the base of the stamens and stored on the sepals.
- There are various types of Mustard plants,Mainly (Sinapis hirta); brown or Indian mustard (Brassica juncea); or black mustard (Brassica nigra).
- Different flavors and strengths can be achieved by using different blends of mustard seed species.
- Mustard plants can also be used to produce an edible oil, and on the Indian subcontinent, the seeds of B. juncea are used to produce the second most important source of edible vegetable oil.
- The plant also is used to produce a high quality protein, and after extraction of this oil, the residual high protein meal can be soaked in water and fed to cattle.
- Both the seeds and leaves traditionally have been used for medicinal purposes, including historical use as a curative for the common cold and applications in mustard plasters, baths, and treatments for chilblains
- Flowers of Mustard plant is used as an important component of Bach Flower Remedy and is very effective in treatment of people who are trapped in a gloomy world of despondency, darkness, depression.The person becomes very inward and all his energy are redirected by overpowering gloomy state.
After treatment from Mustard flower essences the individual inner strength boost up and is able to cope up with that gloomy state of darkness and depression.
It carries a feeling of joyful serenity that serves them through both dark and sunny days. They’ll still see the dark clouds, but won’t be plunged into depression by them.