Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae. The 30–40 species occur across much of the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.The common English name hornbeam derives from the hardness of the woods (likened to horn).
Height and spread : medium sized tree (32m)
Leaves & Flowers: The leaves are deciduous, alternate, and simple with a serrated margin, and typically vary from 3–10 cm in length. The flowers are wind-pollinated pendulous catkins, produced in spring. The male and female flowers are on separate catkins, but on the same tree (monoecious). The fruit is a small nut about 3–6 mm long, held in a leafy bract; the bract may be either trilobed or simple oval, and is slightly asymmetrical. The asymmetry of the seedwing makes it spin as it falls, improving wind dispersal. The shape of the wing is important in the identification of different hornbeam species. Typically, 10–30 seeds are on each seed catkin.
- The wood is used to construct carving boards, tool handles, handplane soles, coach wheels, piano actions, shoe lasts, and other products where a very tough, hard wood is required.
- The leaves are haemostatic. They are used in external compresses to stop bleeding and heal wounds.
- A distilled water made from the leaves is an effective eye lotion.
- Hornbeam flower essences is used in Bach Flower Remedy to overcome physical and emotional exhaustion, though not evident but one may feel it difficult to carry every day tasks because of tiredness (in mind). Recommended for those who do not have enough strength to carry life pressures any more and life itself seems to be a boredom to them, so before making an effort to accomplish their work they make a statement with themselves that “they can not”. Such people gets tired before even trying.
Hornbeam Remedy resolves the issue of mental tiredness and emotional fatigue which comes through ones mind. After the treatment one’s feel more confident,enthusiastic and joyful