Ilex or holly is a genus of about 480 species of flowering plants in the family Aquifoliaceae and the only living genus in that family. The species are evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide.
Distribution: America and South East Asia
Spread: It occurs from sea level to more than 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) with high mountain species.
Height : 25 m tall
The genus is widespread throughout the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. It includes species of trees, shrubs, and climbers, with evergreen or deciduous foliage and inconspicuous flowers. It is a genus of small, evergreen trees with smooth, glabrous, or pubescent branchlets. The plants are generally slow-growing.
Leaves & Fruit:- Plants in this genus have simple, alternate glossy leaves, frequently with a spiny leaf margin. The inconspicuous flower is greenish white, with four petals. They are generally dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants. The small fruits of Ilex, although often referred to as berries, are technically drupes. They range in colour from red to brown to black, and rarely green or yellow. The “bones” contain up to ten seeds each.
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